As one of the world’s largest climate change funds, the GCCA has a major role to play in supporting adaptation and mitigation efforts in LDCs and SIDS. The alliance, which has moved forward to the GCCA+ to become a flagship initiative of the EU, currently supports climate change programmes in 38 countries and 8 regions and subregions around the world. Work is underway to formulate additional programmes.
The GCCA+ works with a variety of partners to maximize its success and to leverage its financial resources. It therefore aims to be as inclusive as possible.
GCCA+ partners include national and local governments, regional organisations, non-governmental organisations, academic and scientific institutions, plus local representations of international organisations, multilateral and bilateral development agencies. The GCCA+ works with its partners to pool resources, expertise and knowledge. In this way, it helps find the best solutions for tackling the causes and impacts of climate change.
This page outlines how partners can participate.
At national and regional level
Many EU Member States already partner with the GCCA+ at national or regional level via their national development agencies. For example, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) and GCCA work together to implement GCCA+-funded programmes in Ethiopia and Mauritania. The GCCA+ also partners with the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) in Mozambique , with the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) in Nepal, and with both Portugal's Camões and GIZ in Timor-Leste.
In any given country, the EU Delegation discusses preparation and implementation of a GCCA+ intervention with local representatives of Member States. This is done in the context of donor coordination at country level. This coordination can result in synergies and complementarities between bilateral and EC-managed interventions. These synergies might include co-financing, joint programming, or even delegated cooperation whereby the development agency of an EU Member State implements the GCCA+-funded programme in part or in full.
The GCCA+ and EU Member States may also work together within a wider joint initiative at the national or regional level. In Bangladesh for instance, the GCCA+, Denmark, Sweden, the UK, and other donors, co-finance a large climate change programme that is jointly managed by the World Bank and the country’s Ministry of Environment and Forests. In Cambodia, Sweden and Denmark (as well as UNDP) co-finance the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance multi-donor fund. In Eastern and Southern Africa, DFID, the GCCA+ and other donors, support the tripartite COMESA-EAC-SADC adaptation and mitigation programme. In the Lower Mekong region, the GCCA+ has joined Luxembourg, Germany, Denmark, Sweden and Finland to finance the Climate Change and Adaptation Initiative. Sweden also co-finances the GCCA+'s multicountry programme in the context of the UNCDF's "Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility (LoCAL)" initiative.
At the global level
The EU Member States can also participate at the global level. To date, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Ireland and Sweden have all contributed financially to the GCCA+, partly in the form of fast start finance, which was pledged at the UNFCCC 15th Conference of the Parties (CoP). This pledge was made in Copenhagen in 2009 to unlock immediate action on climate change in developing countries. These countries’ contributions have so far been used to support GCCA and GCCA+ interventions in Bhutan, Cambodia, Lesotho, Mozambique, Nepal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Uganda, the Eastern Caribbean and the Lower Mekong Basin.
EU Member States interested in contributing to the financing of the GCCA+ are invited to get in touch with the Sustainable Growth and Development Directorate of EuropeAid.
Governments of developing countries may wish to receive either technical or financial support from the GCCA+. Or they may wish to engage in policy dialogue with the European Union. This can be done at either the national level or in the context of regional and global initiatives.
To be eligible for GCCA+ funds, a country has to be among the 73 LDCs or SIDS that are already recipients of aid. To receive funds, a country must participate in a needs assessment to understand its vulnerability to climate change. This includes an assessment of the risks relating to floods, droughts, storms, sea level rise or glacier melting and coastal zone elevation. This assessment will also take into account the proportion of that country’s population deemed at risk from the effects of climate change.
The assessment will also consider the country’s agricultural sector, a sector that is most sensitive to climate change. The assessment also estimates the country’s adaptive capacity, using the United Nations’ Human Development Index as a source. Finally, eligible countries are assessed on how engaged they are in the dialogue on climate change. Governments must express an interest in receiving support from the GCCA+.
Funds are then allocated to countries based on availability of resources and on population figures.
Relevant ministries, government agencies and other public institutions are involved in all countries in which a GCCA+-funded programme has been approved – from the stage of identification and formulation through to the stage of implementation, monitoring and evaluation. For example, partners in the implementation of Tanzania's GCCA+ programme include the Ministry of Finance, the Vice-President’s Office, the Institute of Rural Development Planning, the Sokoine University of Agriculture – and, at the local level, Community Forests Pemba (the latter being an NGO).
Countries are also encouraged to participate, either by contributing to a GCCA+-funded programme or by taking an active role in the programme’s preparation and implementation.
Government agencies not benefiting from GCCA+ technical and financial support, but willing to engage in such a programme, should formally express their interest through the EU Delegation to their country.
Training and technical assistance services related to climate change are also available for government agencies of ACP countries, through the GCCA+'s Intra-ACP Programme.
In terms of policy dialogue, governments of developing countries can engage with the European Union either at the national level or within the context of various regional and global initiatives. This dialogue can take various forms, such as the identification of areas for closer collaboration, joint participation in work forums linked to a post-2012 international climate regime, or through the preparation of a joint declaration. One example of such a declaration is the joint statement issued by the EU, Least Developed Countries and the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS), which stressed a common desire to see an ambitious outcome at the Durban climate conference.
The 2014-2020 programming process for EC external cooperation also offers opportunities for dialogue and action. Indeed, some 20 percent of new funding made available from the EU budget (including external cooperation programmes) must contribute to the transition towards a low-carbon, climate-resilient society.
The GCCA+ typically focuses its regional interventions on capacity building, applied research and technical assistance, and promoting the exchange of experience between countries.
A regional organisation can contribute to a GCCA+-funded programme in two ways: first, by taking an active role in programme preparation and implementation, and second, by co-financing programme activities.
Regional organisations involved in the implementation of GCCA and GCCA+ programmes so far include:
- The African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC), which operates under the auspices of the UN Economic Commission for Africa and collaborates with the Climate Change and Desertification Unit of the African Union Commission and the African Development Bank, in the context of the ClimDev Africa initiative.
- The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East African Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), in the context of their joint programme on climate change adaptation and mitigation.
- The Economic Community of African States (ECOWAS) and Comité permanent inter-États de lutte contre la sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS), in the context of the GCCA regional programme for Western Africa.
- The Mekong River Commission (MRC), in the context of the Climate Change and Adaptation Initiative.
- The CARIFORUM and Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), in the context of the GCCA CARIFORUM support programme.
- The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), in the context of a climate change adaptation and sustainable land management programme.
- The Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), in the context of the GCCA Pacific small island states programme.
- The University of the South Pacific (USP), in the context of the GCCA Pacific Islands Forum support programme.
If any regional organisation is interested to support the implementation of a GCCA+-funded regional programme, then it is invited to express interest to their EU Delegation. The EU Delegation, in collaboration with EC headquarters, will then examine the possibility of funding such an initiative.
In the context of donor coordination at the country level, an EU Delegation, together with the Partner country government, may inform, consult and engage international organisations when preparing and implementing a GCCA+ intervention.
This coordination can generate synergies and complementarities between interventions, including co-financing activities, joint programming, or even a contribution agreement whereby an international organisation implements part of, or even an entire, GCCA+-funded programme.
International organisations involved in the implementation of GCCA and GCCA+ programmes so far include:
- The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Belize, Benin, Cambodia, Mauritania and Nepal.
- The World Bank group in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Maldives and Vanuatu.
- The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in Papua New Guinea and Uganda.
- The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in Jamaica.
- UN Habitat in collaboration with UNEP in Myanmar.
- The United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) in the Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility (LoCAL) multi-country programme.
The Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Several GCCA+ programmes include financing for civil society organisations such as NGOs, community-based organisations, or private sector organisations. Whenever this is the case, organisations are invited to submit project proposals. These proposals are then screened against eligibility criteria and evaluated on the basis of pre-determined quality criteria.
Depending on a programme’s goals and activities, civil society may also get involved through participation in consultative processes (e.g. on policy aspects, on options for a national REDD strategy), involvement in capacity building activities (e.g. on sustainable forest management, on climate-compatible agricultural practices), or implementation of activities targeted at enhancing public awareness of climate-related issues and responses.
Civil society organisations can check the section on technical and financial support to see whether the GCCA+ is funding any programmes in their country. If so, civil society organisations, that wish to get involved, are encouraged to get in touch with the organisation in charge of implementing the programme.